The air contains many pollutants, like smoke, dust, airborne bacteria, and excess moisture. HVAC systems clean it for you, providing good quality indoor air. They also create a comfortable environment for your home and your office. If you are looking to buy or replace your old HVAC system, take the time to learn about the different options that are available.
Not all HVAC systems work the same, though. They come in different shapes and sizes that are suitable for large or small environments and residential and commercial establishments. Here are the main types of HVAC systems:
Split-Type Air Conditioners
Split-type units are one of the most commonly used HVAC systems out there. As its name suggests, the air conditioner is split into two different parts; one for cooling and one for heating. These systems come with indoor and outdoor units as well.
The outdoor cabinet houses the compressor (for cooling) and the condenser (for heating), while the indoor system holds the air handler (for cooling) and the evaporator coil (for heating). They are connected by a line set, a copper tube that transports cold air into your home or office.
Split types are one of the most affordable HVAC systems out there. On top of that, they also offer the widest range of options to choose from. Their only downside is that standard split-type systems require ductwork. This means that they’re not practical because adding ductwork requires too much money. There might also be no room in your home to add ductwork.
Packaged HVAC Systems
This system is built in one large cabinet with all of the major components inside it. It is popular in houses with no basements. It is also a good choice for offices and residential areas that do not have space for a split-type air conditioner, which makes HVAC installation easier. All packaged systems have a blower that draws unpurified air into the system.
Packaged HVAC systems are only used when split-type air conditioners are not available. One advantage is that they do not make that much noise because the mechanical parts are outside. However, the downside of a packaged HVAC system is that it does not have as many options as split-type ones. It is also less efficient. Since the parts are outside, they are exposed to weather conditions and tend to break down easily.
Ductless Split-Type Systems
The ductless system provides an alternative when a standard duct type is not compatible. This type consists of an outside air conditioner for cooling or a heat pump for heating and cooling. The indoor piece has a fan for spreading cool air in the room. They can be installed on ceilings, floors, and even walls.
They are ideal for residential areas or offices that do not have an existing ductwork system. The efficiency of this type of system ranges from good to excellent, so they can reduce energy costs and use. One of the disadvantages of owning a ductless split-type system is that it is not suitable for cold climates. It also offers a limited range of options compared to standard split types.
Hybrid Heat Pumps / Geothermal Systems
Hybrid heating and cooling systems work by burning natural gases, fuel oil, and propane using a heat pump combined with the furnace. They can also be used in reverse to efficiently warm your house.
These types of systems are efficient. They can be four times as efficient as other standard systems. The only concern about hybrid heat pumps or geothermal systems is their price, which can be two to five times that of a traditional system.
Picking the Right HVAC System
There are a lot of components when choosing a quality HVAC system. You have to worry about the ductwork system, the size and space of the unit, and more. Now that you know the different types of HVAC systems, you now have a clear vision of what is perfect for your home.
If you are still unsure about choosing the right system for your home, you can talk to a professional HVAC technician. They will help you with HVAC installation, picking the right model and size for your home, and more.