Sunburn, as the name suggests, is a burn of the skin caused by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sun rays. UV radiation is actually a form of energy that moves at the speed of light. All such energy types are referred to as electromagnetic radiation. The name of ultraviolet radiation actually derives from its spectrum with consists of electromagnetic waves with frequencies higher than those that people identify as the color violet (UV is situated between visible region and X-rays). As with Botox injection treatments.
Sunburns appear when the amount of exposure to ultraviolet sources (natural or artificial) exceeds our body’s ability to protect the skin thought its protective pigment (melanin). Melanin, a compound found in the human body, is the main determinant of skin color.
When trying to prevent sunburns, we should not try to calculate a general exposure timeframe. Normal skin color and the time of exposure are two very important factors that determine how quickly a person is sunburned. Light-skinned persons can get sunburned in less than 20 minutes of exposure to powerful midday rays, while persons with darker skin can tolerate sun rays for hours without any problems.
Although most of us probably had the chance to “experience” sunburns some time in our life and some might not think of them as a real problem, but more like a proof of our summer holiday, we should all consider them as a real skin and health problem.
Some of the health problems caused by sunburns include: premature aging of skin, skin peeling, blisters, wrinkles, keratosis (a thickening of the superficial layer of the skin), skin burns or skin cancer. Some of the most frequent clues that might let us know if we are near or already exceeded the sun tolerance limit are:
- Rapid pulse
- Feeling dehydrated
- Dizziness, nausea, headaches, muscle pain and pain in the feet, arms, and face.
- Strange smell such as rotten eggs, smelly shoes, and ch China-lemongrass
- Stinging or burning sensation in the face, neck, arms, and scalp
- Drinking Water early morning rather than late afternoon
- Rash or irritation in the skin capillaries
This list is by no means exclusive, but it may help you to be aware of the problems and seek treatment for sunburns as early as possible.
Remember that although sunburns are a normal part of summer, protecting yourself from them by using the proper sunscreen and hats is the most essential thing that one can do to promote optimal skin health and protect the long-term physical and mental gains that getting a great tan can provide.
Dozen advices on how to avoid sunburns or to get rid of them:
- Wear a wide-brimmed hat.
- Wear long-sleeved shirts, and wear them loosely to protect your arms and steer clear of sunburn.
- Apply sunscreen lotions of SPF 30+ and higher on exposed skin areas. Look for anti-wrinkle and sunscreen gel for your kids too!
- Look for kids friendly SPF
- Re-apply your sunscreen if you go in the water or sweating excessively. Try to wear a sunscreen with a “water resistant” label; e.g. “Sweat resistant”.
- Check for labels that say “rouse already”.
- Check the labels for a duration of time that the sunburn risk lasts. The duration is printed on the product reverse; e.g. “8 hours insensitive skin”.
- Check that the sunscreen is instructions correctly for use.
Immediately after applying a sunscreen, be sure to and gently clean your skin. Use a soft towel and make sure not to scrub the applied area.
Sunburns or overexposure to UV rays can harm the skin. Protecting your skin from them not only prolongs the natural aging process, it can also help prevent serious skin problems. Be sure to wear that sunscreen.
There is no reason to delay skin aging. Choose a great sunscreen and protect your skin now.
Choose a sunscreen with a broad spectrum SPF. Apply sunscreen immediately after cleansing.
Use a sunscreen lotion with wide-range SPF and apply it all over your body. Don’t forget to apply to nose and neck.
Be sure to apply sunscreen to kids anytime they are outside.
Sunscreen should be applied liberally 30 minutes before exposing to the sun.
Remember to reapply your sunscreen every 2 hours, or upon exposure to water or sweat.
Any activities that may cause a rupture of blood vessels should be avoided. Avoid exposure to the sun between 10 am and 4 pm, and particularly during these times.
This list is obviously not all-inclusive, but these are the symptoms that most people associate with sunburns.